How could there be light before the sun and moon were created?
Is this a Bible error?
THE BIBLE SAYS GOD CREATED LIGHT on the first day of Creation Week, yet the sun and moon were not created until the fourth day. How could light exist before the sun and moon were created?
People who are new to reading the Bible will usually start at the first chapter. And almost instantly, in verse 3, they read that God said on the first day of creation, “Let there be light: and there was light” (Genesis 1:3).
But it isn't until several verses later, on Day 4 of Creation Week, that they find that the sun, moon, and stars were created. “And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night; he made the stars also … to give light upon the earth” (Genesis 1:16-17).
How could the light exist on Day 1 before the sun was created on Day 4?
First, realize that light can exist without the sun. Many objects give off light without the sun: Fires, candles, flashlights, glowworms, car headlights, matches, etc. All that was needed for light to exist on the first day was a light source.
The sun and moon are light-givers, but they are not the only light-givers.
Light energy first
God activated light energy first, then great masses of material were gathered together and set burning in complex chemical and nuclear reactions, and the sun and moon were created to serve as light bearers, or light-givers, for the earth.
Second, in the book of John, chapter 1, we are told that Christ is the light of the world, and “the world was made by Him” (John 1:10). This is true not only in a spiritual sense, but also in a physical sense. At the time of creation, God was the light source.
This may have been through the massive energy He used to create the cosmos, through the marvelous electromagnetic force system with short-wave radiation (ultraviolet, x-rays, etc.) and long-wave radiation (infra-red, radio waves, etc.), or through some other force God created.
The earth was obviously rotating from the first day, as day and night were separated.
God is light
In 1 John 1:5 we are told that “God is light” and in Him is no darkness at all.
Dr. Henry Morris made an interesting point about this passage when he said that because God is light, dwelling in light (1 Timothy 6:16), He did not have to create light. But God did create darkness (Isaiah 45:7) “as the initial state of the unformed and uninhabited earth (Genesis 1:2).” He created the primeval darkness to form a division between day and night.
An important point that most people don't think about is that darkness won't put out the light. In fact, you can't have complete darkness if you have light. It's only when the light goes out that darkness can take over.
So God was the initial light source, and He created darkness so that the earth could have evening and morning.
When this earth passes away and we have a new heavens and new earth, God will be the light for the holy city of the new Jerusalem: “there shall be no night there … for the Lord God gives them light” (Revelation 22:5).
Physically, God is the light of shining glory. Intellectually, He is the light of truth. Morally, He is the light of holiness.
He is also the light of life (John 1:4), and of true guidance (John 8:12).
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